Dambulla town, a UNESCO heritage city is situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, situated 148 km (92 mi) north-east of Colombo and 72 km (45 mi) north of Kandy. Dambulla is a tourism attraction because of well preserved cave complexes of Rangiri Dambulu Rajamaha Viharaya, the rock temple, Ibbankatuwa prehistoric cemetry, Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium, largest rose quartz mountain range in South Asia and the Na Mal Uyana Aranya, the iron wood forest.
Rangiri Dambulu rajamaha Viharaya
Rangiri Dambulu rajamaha Viharaya is the major tourist site which is 1118 feet high from the sea level, a huge rock from the surrounding plains of Dambulla of 600 feet high and over 2000 feet in length, which is the land for a well maintained cave complex of fascinating Buddha Satutues and cave paintings. The area is thought to have been inhabited from as early as the 7th to the 3rd Century BC. Statues and paintings in these caves were originally created in the 1st century BC, followed by several renovations in the 11th, 12th, and 18th century AD. Historical records say that this rock temple is built by King Valagamba, to pay the gratitude towards the monks that gave shelter for him during his 14 year long exile from the Anuradhapura kingdom. Caves are partitioned and drip ledges have been made along this large cave in order to withstand rainy weather and avoid water seeping inside the cave.
There are five separate caves, four of them baring historical value, such as Cave No. 1 (Deva Raja Viharaya), Cave No. 2 (Maha Raja Viharaya), Cave No. 3 (Maha Alut Viharaya), and Cave No. 4 (Paschima Viharaya) altogether contain around 150 astonishing Buddha statues and paintings, which were first created here over 2000 years ago. Cave No. 1 (Deva Raja Viharaya)
Ibbankatuwa prehistoric cemetery
The Ibbankatuwa prehistoric cemetery is located within 3 kilometers of the cave temples, stating the strong evidence of the presence of indigenous civilizations of even before the era of written history. It has been founded 2700 years old human skeletons from this site.There are evidences of agricultural prosperous in this area, for over 2700 years according to archaeological findings. (750 BC).
Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium
The Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium, famous for being built in just 167 days, situated close to Dambulla on a 60-acre (240,000 m²) site leased from the Rangiri Dambulla Temple and built overlooking the Dambulla Tank reservoir and the Dambulla Rock.
Jathika Namal Uyana
The Jathika Namal Uyana in Sri Lanka is the largest ironwood forest and pink quartz mountain in Asia. Archeological recordings state, that the pink quartz in this historical place has a history of more than 550 millions of years. This is an extremely rare forest replanted with Iron wood trees, which is endemic to Sri Lanka over 260 acres, in the 8th Century AD commenced during the starting from King Devanampiyathissa and ending with king Dappula IV. Namal Uyana had been a sanctuary for Buddhist monks during King Devanampiyatissa’s reign in the 8th century. Later it had been used as a prison camp where the punishment was to plant Na trees. King Dappula period it has been declared as a human sanctuary.